Hydraulic jets and hydraulic jumps below a waterfalls

Hydraulic jets and hydraulic jumps  below a waterfalls

Hydraulic jets and hydraulic jumps at the toe of a falls can generate large forces to erode the bed, especially when forces are amplified by water-borne sediment. Horseshoe-shaped falls focus the erosion to a central point, also enhancing riverbed change below a waterfalls.

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